Terumoto was on the losing side at the Battle of Sekigahara.
The explosion utterly destroyed more than four square miles of the city center. About 90, people were killed immediately; another 40, were injured, many of whom died in protracted agony from radiation sickness. Three days later, a second atomic strike on the city of Nagasaki killed some 37, people and injured another 43, Together the two bombs eventually killed an estimatedJapanese civilians.
Under strong US prodding, Stalin broke his regime's non-aggression treaty with Tokyo. On the same day that Nagasaki was destroyed, Soviet troops began pouring into Manchuria, overwhelming Japanese forces there.
Although Soviet participation did little or nothing to change the military outcome of the war, Moscow benefitted enormously from joining the conflict. In a broadcast from Tokyo the next day, August 10, the Japanese government announced its readiness to accept the joint American-British "unconditional surrender" declaration of Potsdam, "with the understanding that the said declaration does not compromise any demand which prejudices the prerogatives of His Majesty as a Sovereign Ruler.
A Beaten Country Apart from the moral questions involved, were the atomic bombings militarily necessary? By any rational yardstick, they were not. Japan already had been defeated militarily by June Almost nothing was left of the once mighty Imperial Navy, and Japan's air force had been all but totally destroyed.
Against only token opposition, American war planes ranged at will over the country, and US bombers rained down devastation on her cities, steadily reducing them to rubble.
What was left of Japan's factories and workshops struggled fitfully to turn out weapons and other goods from inadequate raw materials. Oil supplies had not been available since April. By July about a quarter of all the houses in Japan had been destroyed, and her transportation system was near collapse.
Food had become so scarce that most Japanese were subsisting on a sub-starvation diet. On the night of March, a wave of American bombers struck Tokyo, killingpeople. Dropping nearly 1, tons of bombs, the war planes ravaged much of the capital city, completely burning out 16 square miles and destroying a quarter of a million structures.
A million residents were left homeless. On May 23, eleven weeks later, came the greatest air raid of the Pacific War, when giant B "Superfortress" bombers unleashed 4, tons of incendiary bombs on the heart of the already battered Japanese capital.
Generating gale-force winds, the exploding incendiaries obliterated Tokyo's commercial center and railway yards, and consumed the Ginza entertainment district.
Two days later, on May 25, a second strike of "Superfortress" planes roared low over Tokyo, raining down some 4, tons of explosives. Together these two B raids destroyed 56 square miles of the Japanese capital.
Even before the Hiroshima attack, American air force General Curtis LeMay boasted that American bombers were "driving them [Japanese] back to the stone age. In April a new government headed by Kantaro Suzuki took office with the mission of ending the war.
When Germany capitulated in early May, the Japanese understood that the British and Americans would now direct the full fury of their awesome military power exclusively against them.Hiroshima (広島市, Hiroshima-shi, Japanese: [çiɾoɕima]) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu – the largest island of alphabetnyc.comima gained city status on April 1, On April 1, , Hiroshima became a designated alphabetnyc.com of August , the city had an estimated population of 1,, In August , after four years of World War II, United States B bomber, dropped the atomic bomb over the cities of Hiroshima on August 6 th, people died in 9 seconds, and the city of Hiroshima was leveled.
3 days later a second bomb was dropped Nagasaki, Japan with the same devastating results. Was Hiroshima Necessary? Why the Atomic Bombings Could Have Been Avoided.
By Mark Weber. On August 6, , the world dramatically entered the atomic age: without either warning or precedent, an American plane dropped a single nuclear bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
In Friday, Aug. 8, , photo, Namio Matsura, year-old member of the computation skill research club at the Fukuyama Technical High School, watches Hiroshima city before atomic bomb fell in virtual reality experience at the high school in Hiroshima, western Japan. Enola Gay: The Bombing of Hiroshima [Gordon Thomas & Max Morgan Witts] on alphabetnyc.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
It was quite probably the most important event of World War II. Its consequences were greater than those of any other event of the war.
Yet the story of the bombing of Hiroshima. William L. Laurence's eyewitness account of the atomic bomb attack on Nagasaki, Japan.