Close affiliations Find all citations in this journal default. Or filter your current search Hippokratia [01 Jul18 3: In the Netherlands, voluntary active euthanasia among adults and adolescents has been allowed sincewhen the so-called Groningen Protocol GP was formulated as an extension of the law on extremely premature and severely ill newborns.
Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Whe n use d withou t qualificationth e ter m euthanasia usuall y signifies Involuntary euthanasia of defective newborns y active euthanasia". Physician-assiste d suicid e i s similarly illegal i n mos t part s of th e world, thoug h i t was legalized bu t no t euthanasia i n th e US state of Oregon i n Forgoing futile life-sustainin g treatmen t i n th e terminall y ill, however, is a widely accepte d practic e i n medicall y advance d countries.
As a resul t o f advances i n medica l technolog y t o prolon g lifether e ar e situation s whe n further life-sustainin g treatmen t only prolongs the dying process and become s a burden o n the patient.
A decision needs to be made on whether to forgoin g such life-sustainin g treatmen t tha t i s not in th e bes t interests o f the patient. Such a decisio n i s not eas y and involve s medical, psychosocia l an d ethica l considerations. Professional bodie s in many medically advanced countries like the US, the UK, and Canada, while opposing euthanasia, support the forgoin g of life-sustainin g treatmen t tha t i s not i n th e bes t interest s o f th e patient.
Detailed guideline s hav e bee n publishe d o n this. Public opinio n differs widel y o n whethe r euthanasi a shoul d b e legalize d o r not. Wha t constitutes futile treatmen t an d thu s can be forgone, an d what constitutes a proper decision-making process is also hotly debated.
The controversy is often compounded b y the different interpretation s of the terms used. However, the use of this term is often considere d inappropriat e i n the medical and legal fields, because forgoin g life-sustainin g treatmen t i s considere d differen t fro m euthanasia.
The Hospital Authority Guidelines concluded that avoidance of this misleading term would facilitat e publi c discussio n o n th e topi c and discussio n wit h th e patients and thei r family i n individual cases. This chapter contain s two parts.
The first part examines the controversie s regarding th e legalizatio n o f euthanasi a i n China. Drawin g o n traditiona l Chinese thought s o n deat h an d dyingthe author s argu e tha t th e confusio n in term s and concept s shoul d b e disentangle d an d palliativ e car e shoul d b e promoted, befor e th e debat e o n euthanasi a i n Chin a ca n continu e i n a healthier way.
The secon d part of this chapter the n examine s how a decision on forgoing life-sustainin g treatmen t coul d be made If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'.
You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:History proves that it is altogether too easy to mix voluntary euthanasia — promoted as the individual’s right to choose death — and involuntary euthanasia — promoted as preventing a life.
Greece generally prohibits euthanasia, although the legal doctrine considers some of the forms of euthanasia permissible, but not active or involuntary euthanasia.
In , the U.S. Senate received testimony to the effect that approximately 75% of the physicians practiced passive euthanasia regularly, not only with adult patients but with defective newborns.
Leading thinkers on both sides of bioethical issues express their opinions in scholarly essays on subjects including abortion, in-vitro fertilization, surrogate motherhood, involuntary sterilization of the retarded, informed consent, active euthanasia, withholding treatment from handicapped newborns, suicide, the insanity defense, animal.
The refusal of treatment to some "defective" newborns, and the subsequent death by dehydration, shows that some cases of letting die are worse than killing.
Second argument is the Bathtub Example of Smith and Jones. 3) Legalizing voluntary euthanasia would lead down a slippery slope to involuntary euthanasia. Brock responds that this is the “last refuge of conservative defenders of the status quo.” When all your arguments against something have been defeated you simply .